The administration of potassium and potassium-sparing diuretics is usually discouraged in patients with kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, or dysfunctions of the autonomic nervous system.Next
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The imbalance of external and internal potassium levels in these individuals may predispose them to life-threatening degrees of Hyperkalemia too much potassium. It is a symptom of another disease or condition or a side effect of diuretic drugs. Symptoms include muscle pain, cramps, charely horses, and abdominal pain.Next
Other symptoms may include loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.
It may be manifested clinically by neuromuscular disorders ranging from weakness to paralysis, by electrocardiographic abnormalities depression of the t wave and elevation of the u wave , by renal disease, and by gastrointestinal disorders.Next
Muscular malfunction may result in paralysis of the bowel, low blood pressure, muscle twitches, and mineral deficiencies tetany.
Most often, hypokalemia is asymptomatic, with no obvious signs of the disorder. Hypokalemia Definition and Symptoms Hypokalemia is when there is an abnormally low amount of potassium in the blood.Next
There may also be heart irregularities seen in electrocardiogram changes, confusion, distention of the abdomen, a decrease in mental activity.
When the hypokalemia is severe, potassium chloride may be administered orally or intravenously. The normal concentration of potassium in the body is regulated by the kidneys through the excretion of urine. This can be accomplished through dietary planning.Next
Body chemicals and hormones such as aldosterone also regulate potassium balance.
Any associated acid-base disorders or hormonal disturbances must be evaluated before treatment is planned. When Hypokalemia occurs, there is an imbalance resulting from a dysfunction in this normal process, or the rapid loss of urine or sweat without replacement of sufficient potassium. The secretion of the hormone insulin, which is normally stimulated by food, prevents a temporary diet-induced Hypokalemia by increasing cell absorption of potassium.Next
Hypokalemia may also be minimized by dietary restriction of salt since high rates of sodium excretion promote urinary potassium losses.
Familial periodic paralysis; Periodic paralysis, familial; paramyotonia congenita of von Eulenburg G71. It may result from potassium loss by renal secretion or by the gastrointestinal route, as by vomiting or diarrhea. Billable Medical Code for Hypopotassemia Diagnosis Code for Reimbursement Claim: ICD-9-CM 276.Next
Appropriate codes in this chapter i.